2nd session: “the treaty of versailles and the league of nations: effects on today's europe” thursday 8 october 2009, 100-600 pm, iea - paris (france) the treaties that marked the end of the first world war were the starting point for a territorial reorganisation by abolishing the central empires, it laid out a new mental. The disciples of this theory, therefore, would willingly adopt the treaty of versailles except for the fact that it contains the covenant of the league and they are frankly for it must not be forgotten that the treaty of versailles is now in effect its roots have already struck deep into the life of the world in large measure its. The treaty of versailles articulated the compromises reached at the conference it included the planned formation of the league of nations , which would serve both as an international forum and an international collective security arrangement us president woodrow wilson was a strong advocate of the league as he. Self-determination was applied in the versailles treaty when it suited the european members' interests, but was ignored when it did not wilson found that to persuade his more pragmatic european allies to agree to his cherished league of nations, he had to compromise on most of his other points. Garden city park, ny: avery, 1996 thorne, christopher g the limits of foreign policy: the west, the league, and the far eastern crisis of 1931–1933 new york: putnam, 1973 walters, f p a history of the league of nations 2 vols london: oxford university press, 1952 mark tberger see alsoversailles, treaty of. The decisions made at versailles had a significant impact on the events leading up to world war ii and led to germany's resentment of other european powers aspects of this treaty set although the treaty had many failings, it did create the league of nations, a precursor to the united nations the failure of the treaty of.
The enforced disarmament of germany outlined and ordered by the treaty of versailles was an immediate, and important, test of the compromises and concessions of the peace conference as lord robert cecil, the british blockade minister during the war and a staunch supporter of the league of nations, put it in 1919. Many events took place during the subsequent two decades that the big three could not have foreseen, but which came to have a negative impact on the peace they had negotiated for example, the united states returned to its pre-war isolationist ways and refused to join the league of nations (although it must be noted. The end of world war i the armistice that ended world war i went into effect at 11 am on november 11, 1918 after four and a half years, the war was finally over, but the results remained devastation was everywhere people's homes and lands were destroyed large areas of france had been reduced to rubble cities.
One of the chief contributing causes of the second world war was the treaty of versailles (june, 1919), that officially ended the first world war cession of danzig (now gdansk) to be administered by the newly invented (and doomed) league of nations the cession of diminutive areas around hultschin. The united states senate did not approve the versailles treaty (“versailles diktat ” to germans)and did not join the league of nations that sprung from the post- war agreement at versailles the usa did not seek reparations from germany, but the usa applied pressure to britain to repay their war debts to the usa, and in. The immediate economic consequences of the terms of the treaty of versailles were a significant concern and added to germany's humiliation under the terms of gustav stresemann, the german chancellor addresses the league of nations after germany's acceptance into the organisation in 1926 stressemann's use of. The centennial of the first world war has prompted questions about its impact beyond 1918, one of which was the league of nations formed in 1920 following the paris peace conference and the treaty of versailles, the league of nations had an ambitious agenda to check aggression and usher in a.
All german overseas colonies became league of nation mandates, and the city of danzig (today: gdansk), with its large ethnically german population, became a free city the treaty demanded demilitarization and occupation of the rhineland, and special status for the saarland under french control plebiscites were to. The league of nations was founded in 1919 as a result of the treaty of versailles and the end of world war i woodrow wilson had personally represented the united states at the versailles peace conference, and he arrived in paris intent upon establishing a collective security organization that would prevent another world. The terms of the treaty of versailles were announced in june 1919 the german politicians were not consulted about the terms of the treaty they were shown the draft terms in may 1919 they complained bitterly, but the allies did not take any notice of their complaints germany had very little choice but to sign the treaty. The league of nations, in combination with the treaty of versailles, would ultimately prove unable to prevent another world war 29 lodge sabotaged 30 the league covenant 31 by declaring the united states exempt 32 from article x he attached reservations, or amendments, to the treaty to this effect wilson, bedridden.
Woodrow wilson got the league of nations, and new nation-states were set up in eastern europe but: wilson thought the treaty was far too harsh self- determination proved impossible to implement - yugoslavia for example did not survive as a united country, and czechoslovakia was annexed in stages by the nazis in.
To the german people they were being ruthlessly punished for a war not only were not responsible for but had to fight the main terms of the versailles treaty were: (1) the surrender of all german colonies as league of nations mandates ( 2) the return of alsace-lorraine to france (3) cession of eupen-malmedy to belgium. Wilson's plan called for a reduction in armaments in all nations, the lifting of economic barriers, an end to secretive and disruptive alliances and freedom on the high seas it also proposed international negotiation and dispute resolution, to be facilitated by a newly formed league of nations the fourteen points contained no. The treaty of versailles formally ended the state of war between germany and the allied powers (also known as the entente) the province of saarland was placed under the control of the league of nations for 15 years, after that a plebiscite between france and germany was to decide to which country.